Nuclear Agreement Called
On July 15, 2015, U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Samantha Power distributed a 14-page draft to Council members.  On 20 July 2015, the Security Council approved UN Security Council Resolution 2231 by 15 votes to 0.  The resolution delayed its official implementation by 90 days to allow for a review by the U.S. Congress under the Iran Agreement Agreement Act 2015.  The resolution specifies the measures taken to lift sanctions imposed by seven previous Security Council resolutions, while maintaining an arms embargo and the ban on ballistic technology.   The resolution did not affect the sanctions imposed separately by the United States and the European Union.  It also codified the “snapback” mechanism of the agreement, under which all Security Council sanctions are automatically re-elected in the event of a violation of the agreement by Iran.  15-16 October 2013: Iran and the P5-1 meet in Geneva to resume negotiations on Iran`s nuclear programme. At the end of the discussions, the parties issue a joint statement describing the meetings as “substantial and forward-looking.” The statement also states that Iran has submitted a new proposal that the P5-1 has carefully considered as an “important contribution” to the discussions.
The proposal contains a broad framework for a comprehensive agreement and an interim confidence-building measure, which is expected to be put in place within the next 3 to 6 months, but no details are provided, as the parties have agreed to keep the negotiations confidential. New York Senator Chuck Schumer, a senior Democrat, has differently assessed the prospects of war by distinguishing between the nuclear and non-nuclear aspects of the agreement. In any event, he asked whether we are doing better or without the agreement, and he concluded: “If we talk about the nuclear aspects of the agreement within ten years, we could be a little better off. But if it is the nuclear aspects after ten years and the non-nuclear aspects, we would be better off without them. Then Schumer assessed the Iranian government and said, “Who is going to say that this dictatorship is not going to prevail for another ten, twenty or thirty years?” For me, the real risk that Iran will not moderate the agreement and instead use it to pursue its shameful goals is too great. Finally, Mr Schumer concluded: “I will vote for the agreement to be frowned on, not because I consider war to be a viable or desirable option, nor to challenge the path of diplomacy.”