What Was The Red Line Agreement Of 1928 Quizlet
Discrimination also manifests itself in different ways. The graphs above are examples of individual discrimination, but there are also other types. Institutional discrimination or institutional racism is the case when a social system developed with a group-inherent deprivation of rights, such as the Canadian immigration policy that in 1886 and 1904 imposed “head taxes” on Chinese immigrants. Institutional racism refers to how racial differences are used to organize the politics and practice of state, judicial, economic and educational institutions. As a result, these distinctions systematically reproduce inequalities along racial lines. They define what people can and cannot do because of their racial characteristics. It is not necessarily the intention of these institutions to reproduce inequalities, nor the individuals who work in institutions. On the contrary, inequality is the result of different treatment patterns, based on racial or ethnic categorizations of human beings. The final agreement establishing the consumer price index was signed in Ostend (Belgium) in July 1928. It contained the self-denial clause.
However, sponsors expressed doubts about the real limits of the Ottoman Empire. Legend has it that at the time, Gulbenkian took a red pencil and drew a line around what he meant by “Ottoman Empire” – the Red Line. With the exception of Kuwait and Iran, the red line included most of what would become the region`s major oil-producing regions. The “red line” agreement is an agreement signed by partners of the Iraq Petroleum Company (CIP) on July 31, 1928.  The contract was signed between Anglo-Persian Company (later renamed British Petroleum), Royal Dutch/Shell, French Oil Company (later total), Near East Development Corporation (later renamed ExxonMobil) and Calouste Gulbenkian (an Armenian businessman). The aim of the agreement was to formalize the structure of the IPC company and to link it to a “self-refusal clause” prohibiting one of its shareholders from independently seeking oil interests in the former Ottoman region. It marked the creation of a monopoly or an oil cartel of enormous influence that extended over a vast area.